Age-related macular degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is very common degenerative disorder of the eye leading to poor vision, vision loss or blindness. It affects the inner part of the eye – retina, especially macula lutea of the retina that is responsible for central vision. As AMD progresses a blurred area near the center of vision is a common symptom. It may grow larger and patients develop blank spots in central vision. Objects also may not appear as bright as they used to be. Smoking, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis and family history of AMD are considered risk factors of AMD. It is important to visit an experienced ophthalmologist on regular basis to prevent the end stage AMD which is hardly curable.

Can be treated by our partner clinic.


Glaucoma is related to increased pressure inside the eye that may destroy sensitive nerve connections leading to vision loss and blindness. Patients with diabetes, high blood pressure, and family history of glaucoma are at higher risk. Those with more common chronic form of glaucoma may not experience any problems until late stage where peripheral vision loss is present. Patients with less frequent acute glaucoma may experience headache, eye pain and vomiting. It is important to visit your ophthalmologist on regular basis as early-stage glaucoma is treatable very well.

Can be treated by our partner clinic.

Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy affects blood vessels that nourish retina – the light-sensitive tissue that converts the light signals to electric impulses that are sent through the optic nerve to the brain. Chronically high blood sugar levels in patients with diabetes leads to retinal vessel damage that may become leaky or start to proliferate on the surface of the retina. Almost half of patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes are affected with diabetic retinopathy, some may not even know about it. Based on severity of these problems, there are 4 stages of diabetic retinopathy. At initial stage, there are no symptoms at all. As the disease progresses, patients may experience “floating” spots, blurred vision or can lose their vision completely in time. It is important to visit ophthalmologist experienced in evaluation of diabetic retinopathy regularly, especially if you suffer from diabetes for more than 2 years. If you consult our ophthalmologists, they are able to recommend optimal treatment for you to prevent severe damage of retina.

Can be treated by our partner clinic.

Optic neuritis

Optic neuritis means inflammation of optic nerve that transfers visual information from the eye to the brain. It may cause visual loss on one eye, sometimes on both eyes. Pain around the eye may also be present. Women and patients with multiple sclerosis are affected more frequently. Optic neuritis may disappear spontaneously within 7-10 days or may persist for months. It can be treated with steroids, unfortunately there is a lot of side effects from long-term use of steroids.

Can be treated by our partner clinic.


Blindness refers to partial or complete loss of vision. Most commonly blindness is caused by age-related macular degeneration (in people age 50 or older), diabetic retinopathy, or glaucoma. Blindness may be also be associated with head injury, retinal detachment, hypertensive retinopathy, cataract, or optic neuritis. It is important to consult experienced ophthalmologist about treatment options for blindness as some forms may be reversible.

Can be treated by our partner clinic.

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